How To Care For Your Arbequina Olive Bonsai Tree
Olea Europaea "Arbequina" Bonsai Care
About The Arbequina Olive Bonsai Tree
The Arbequina olive is a cultivar native to Spain, but is grown for olive production in Chile, Catalonia, California, and more, for its ability to produce tons of tasty olives.
The fruit is highly aromatic, small, symmetrical and dark brown. The olives from this tree, when cured properly, make a most delicious snack - or can be crushed into a luscious olive oil.
Like most tropical trees, a Arbequina olive bonsai should remain indoors when the low temperatures reach 50 degrees F.
Make sure your Arbequina olive tree gets at least 6-8 hours of quality sunlight while indoors, either through a grow light or a southern window. An eastern or western window sill would be sufficient, if it's giving 6+ hours of light.
In the summer, when the chance of dropping below 50 is gone, it can be placed outside for the season in high light.
Never let the soil completely dry out. Whenever the soil seems dry, thoroughly water your tree until the water runs clear from the bottom. In the growing season, this can be daily.
If you need help, a good moisture meter will guide you.
If you ever need to take your Arbequina olive bonsai tree inside, including into a garage for the winter, using a humidity tray is recommended. It will prevent the water from running on the floor, and can help keep the tree somewhat moist in the dry season.
Since your Arbequina olive bonsai is in a small pot, and not the ground, it needs nutrients. A slow release (pellet based) fertilizer is perfect for this, and can be added sparingly every 1-2 months during the growing season.
Pruning & Trimming
Trim back the new growth to the farthest safe point that looks good to you — but never remove all of the new growth.
A regular trim will help keep your Arbequina olive bonsai tree short, while helping the trunk grow thicker.
Repotting must be performed periodically on your bonsai, Arbequina olive included, when its root system has filled the pot. If you can clearly see the roots coming out of the bottom of the pot, it’s time to repot your bonsai.
Generally, this means every 2-3 years for a deciduous tree and every 4-5 years for an evergreen or tropical.
Repotting should be done in mid-summer, when the tree is at it’s least fragile state.
The Arbequina olive bonsai tree, along with all of its soil, should be removed from the pot. From there, you can trim away no more than 1/3rd of the root mass (1/4th is preferred.)
Then you can repot the tree in the same pot, or give it a newer / bigger pot to thrive in.
After repotting, your Arbequina olive bonsai should be thoroughly watered.
Diseases, Insects & Other Pests
Your Arbequina olive bonsai can be treated for pests like a normal olive plant. Just remember, your tree is miniature and will need a much smaller and more gentile dose of treatment.
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